Access Point Insights: A Comprehensive Guide

Access points are crucial in providing wireless network connectivity, allowing devices to bridge wireless connections to a wired network. This comprehensive guide will delve into access points, exploring their purpose, configurations, and the benefits of upgrading.

We will also compare access points with wireless routers and Wi-Fi® extenders, giving you the information you need to make an informed decision. So, let's dive in and gain valuable insights into access points!

Key takeaways

  • Wireless access points allow devices to connect to a wired network using Wi-Fi, acting as a hub and bridge between wireless and wired connections.
  • An access point should be strategically placed to provide maximum wireless coverage and capacity, often mounted centrally to penetrate walls and cover a large area.
  • Upgrading access points can improve speed, capacity, security, and support for new IoT devices.
  • Access points differ from wireless wifi routers' focus on extending network reach, while routers offer additional features like routing, firewalls, and switching. wifi
  • When selecting an access point, key factors include environment, user density, bandwidth needs, compatibility, security, management, and future-proofing.

Access Point, AP

What is a wireless access point?

A wireless access point, also known as a WAP or Wi-Fi router, is a networking device that enables wireless network connectivity for capable devices. It serves as a hub, allowing devices to connect to a local area network (LAN) and access the internet. Access points use ethernet cable connections to bridge wireless devices to a wired router or modem, providing internet access.

Wireless Access points can be managed through mobile apps or web-based interfaces, making configuration and management convenient.

Understanding wireless access points

Wireless Access Points (APs) are a crucial component in any wireless network, serving as the hub that connects wireless devices to the network. They transmit and receive data over the air, convert it to a wired signal, and send it back to the wired broadband router.

APs are strategically placed to provide maximum coverage and capacity, often mounted in hallways or other central locations to ensure a strong signal can penetrate through walls into classrooms, dorm rooms, or offices. Eliminating the need for external, directional antennas can add complexity and cost to AP mounting.

The technology behind APs is constantly evolving, with standards like 802.11ac Wave 2 leading the way. This standard, approved by the IEEE in 2013, enhances the previous 802.11n standard with additional features for consumer Wi-Fi.

However, it's important to note that not all APs are created equal. Some, like RUCKUS® APs, go above and beyond basic standards, using optimized boards, antennas, and industrial designs based on how the AP will be used or where it will be deployed.

This ensures optimal performance in various environments, from stadiums to residence halls, where robust outdoor hardware, mesh networks, and point-to-point bridging may be required.

Wi-Fi Access points

Why should I upgrade my Wi-Fi access points?

Upgrading your Wi-Fi Access Points (APs) can benefit your network performance and user experience. Here are a few reasons why an upgrade might be necessary:

  • Improved Speed and Performance: Newer APs support the latest Wi-Fi standards like Wi-Fi 7, which offer faster data transfer rates, improved performance in congested areas, and better power efficiency for connected devices.
  • Enhanced Capacity: As Wi-Fi-enabled devices grow, older APs might struggle to handle the increased demand. Upgraded APs can support more simultaneous connections, ensuring smooth performance even as your network usage grows.
  • Better Security: Newer APs have advanced security features to protect your network from threats. This includes support firmware updates for the latest encryption standards and other security protocols.
  • Support for New Technologies: If you want to implement new technologies like IoT, you'll need APs to support these devices. Upgraded APs are more likely to be compatible with the latest technologies.
  • Network Management: Many modern APs come with software that makes it easier to manage your network. This can include features for network monitoring, analytics, and troubleshooting.

Remember, an efficient and robust Wi-Fi network is about having the latest APs and proper placement, configuration, and management.

At RUCKUS, we can help you assess your current network and determine the best path for upgrades to ensure you get the most out of your Wi-Fi infrastructure.

Wi-fi 7 access point

Comparing Indoor Managed AP Networking Devices

Regarding networking devices, access points, wireless routers, and Wi-Fi extenders are often mentioned. This section will compare access points with wireless routers, highlighting their differences.

What is the difference between a Access Point and a Wireless Router?

An Access Point is a device that creates a wireless local area network, or WLAN, usually in an office or large building. An AP is typically connected to a wired LAN network via ethernet ports and can relay data between the wireless devices (like computers and printers) and the wired LAN network.

APs can cover a range of areas with a wireless Internet connection and are primarily used to support public Internet hotspots and business networks where a large number of devices need to connect over a wireless signal.

On the other hand, a Wireless Router is essentially a tiny, low-power computer dedicated to nothing but providing Internet services. It's a device that performs the functions of a router but also includes the functions of a wireless access point.

It provides access to the Internet or a private computer network. It connects to your broadband line and allows you to wirelessly connect multiple devices to the internet. It also provides additional functionality such as firewall protection, range extender, network management, and often a built-in switch.

While both devices provide wireless connectivity, a wireless router offers additional features like routing between networks, firewall protection, and typically a built-in Ethernet switch.

An Access Point focuses more on extending the network's Wi-Fi signal and is often used in businesses and large venues, eliminating dead spots.

Access Point vs. Wi-Fi Extender

Access Point vs. Wi-Fi Extender

As we mentioned, an Access Point is a device that creates a wireless local area network, or WLAN, in a building or a campus. It is directly connected to a wired Ethernet connection and can convert it into a wireless signal, allowing Wi-Fi devices to connect to the network.

This is particularly useful in a business environment, where many devices must connect to the network.

A Wi-Fi Range Extender, also known as a Wi-Fi repeater or booster, is a device that takes an existing wireless signal and rebroadcasts it, effectively extending the range of the existing Wi-Fi network.

However, because it's rebroadcasting the signal, it often results in a loss of speed, as it has to receive, process, and retransmit each packet of data. This might not be noticeable for basic browsing, but for high-bandwidth applications like streaming or gaming, it could be a problem.

So, how do you make the right choice? Where do you find the relevant information?

If you want to extend your Wi-Fi coverage to a larger area, such as in a large home or office, and you can run an Ethernet cable from your router to the new location, an Access Point with a power adapter would be a good choice. It provides a robust and stable Wi-Fi network and can handle many devices. Business-grade access points, like the ones compatible with Power over Ethernet Plus (PoE+), offer the advantage of not needing a separate power line or outlet near the access point. This makes the installation process more convenient and efficient for setting up a local network.

On the other hand, if you're trying to improve Wi-Fi coverage in a specific area of your home or small office and running an Ethernet cable isn't feasible, a Wi-Fi extender could be a suitable solution. It's a more straightforward, plug-and-play option, but keep in mind the potential loss of speed.

What is WPA?

Wi-Fi Protected Access® (WPA™) is a security protocol designed to secure wireless networks. Introduced as a temporary solution before the release of WPA2™, and now WPA3™, it improved upon the previous WEP protocol by introducing the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), which, in recent years, added complexity to the encryption process, making it harder to crack.

WAP, wireless access point

What are Some Common Access Point Configurations

Here are some common Access Point (AP) configurations.

  • Standalone Access Point: This is the most straightforward configuration where each AP is managed individually. It's suitable for small networks with a few APs. However, it can be time-consuming to manage if the number of APs increases, as each must be configured and managed separately.
  • Controller-based: In this configuration, multiple APs are managed centrally by a wireless controller. This makes it easier to manage large numbers of APs, apply consistent configurations, and monitor the network. It's ideal for medium to large networks focused on ease of use. .
  • Cloud-managed: This is a modern approach where APs are managed over the cloud. This provides the benefits of a controller-based service assurance configuration without needing a physical controller. It offers flexibility and scalability and can be managed anywhere with an internet connection.
  • Mesh Networks: In a mesh network, APs are wirelessly connected. One AP is connected to the wired network and acts as the gateway for the other APs. This configuration is valid when running Ethernet cables to each AP, which is challenging. It's also highly resilient, as the network can still function even if one AP goes down.
  • Point-to-Point: This configuration is used as a wireless bridge to connect two locations, such as two buildings. One AP acts as the transmitter, and the other as the receiver.
  • Point-to-Multipoint: This is similar to point-to-point, but one AP (the base station) connects to multiple other APs. This is often used to provide internet access in apartment complexes or outdoor campsites.

RUCKUS offers a range of APs that can support these configurations and more. Our team of experts can help you determine the best configuration for your specific needs, ensuring you get the most out of your wireless network.

What are Some Common Access Point Configurations

The Evolution of Wireless Access Points (WAP)

The evolution of Wireless Access Points (APs) is an exciting journey, and the future looks even more promising with the advent of Wi-Fi 7.

As we've seen, Wi-Fi technology has evolved significantly over the years, from the early days of 802.11b with speeds of just 11 Mbps to today's Wi-Fi 6E, offering multi-gigabit speeds and improved efficiency. Each new generation has improved speed, capacity, and reliability, enabling new applications and use cases. With the finalization of the 802.11n standard in 2009, inherent problems integrating products from different vendors are less prevalent, ensuring seamless compatibility and interoperability among various devices.

Looking ahead, our Wi-Fi 7 (also known as 802.11be) is set to be the next big leap forward in wireless technology. It delivers extreme speeds, low latency, and increased capacity, making it ideal for demanding applications like 8K video streaming, extended reality (XR) video conferencing, and massive social gaming.

At RUCKUS, we're excited to be at the forefront of this revolution. We're preparing to transform our entire portfolio to a three-radio architecture supporting the simultaneous 2.4 Ghz, 5 GHz, and 6 GHz bands required for Wi-Fi 7.

Our Wi-Fi 7 solutions will deliver massive throughput boosts over Wi-Fi 6, with peak rates exceeding 40 Gbps, four times the throughput of Wi-Fi 6.

Our R770 Access Point will be the first enterprise-class Wi-Fi 7 solution driven by RUCKUS AI™, Radio Resource Management. The future of wireless technology is here, and at RUCKUS, we're ready to make it work it's most challenging for your network.

airport ethernet access

What are the Key factors in Determining the Right Access Point?

Choosing the correct Access Point (AP) for your needs can be complex, given the variety of options available. Here are some key factors to consider:

  • Environment: The physical environment where the AP will be deployed plays a crucial role. For instance, if you're deploying in an ample open space, you might need an AP with a higher range. If the environment is dense with walls, obstructions, and interference, an AP with solid signal penetration and multiple antennas might be more suitable.
  • User Density: Consider the number of users or devices connecting to the AP. Higher user density, like a school district, requires an AP to handle more simultaneous connections without compromising speed or performance.
  • Bandwidth Requirements: If your network usage involves high-bandwidth activities like streaming video, gaming, or video conferencing, you'll need an AP to deliver wireless networking with high data rates.
  • Compatibility: The AP should be compatible with the devices connecting to it. For instance, if your devices support Wi-Fi 6, your AP should also support this standard to take full advantage of its benefits.
  • Security: Look for APs that support robust network security protocols like WPA3 and have features like automatic client security configuration and integration with your existing security infrastructure.
  • Ease of Management: If deploying multiple APs, consider solutions that offer centralized local management through a physical controller or a cloud-based platform.
  • Future-Proofing: Technology evolves rapidly, so it's wise to choose an AP that is ready for future developments. For instance, even if your current use case doesn't require Wi-Fi 7, choosing a Wi-Fi 7 AP can be a good investment for the future.

What are the Key factors in Determining the Right Access Point


Wireless access points are a critical component of any high-performing Wi-Fi network. When selecting an access point, it's essential to carefully assess your environment, usage needs, desired technologies, and capacity requirements.

Strategically upgrading older access points can substantially improve speed, connectivity, and support for emerging devices and applications.

Newer generation access points like those supporting Wi-Fi 6/6E or the new Wi-Fi 7 standard will future-proof your network for cutting-edge technologies.

Careful placement and network configurations like controller-based or cloud-managed models can optimize performance across multiple access points.

With robust, enterprise-grade access points from trusted vendors like Ruckus, businesses and organizations can build fast, reliable, and secure wireless networks ready for the demands of tomorrow.

Is an access point the same as a router

Frequently Asked Questions

Is an access point the same as a router?

No, access points and routers are different devices with distinct functionalities. Access points bridge wireless devices to wired networks, while routers connect multiple networks and manage traffic between them. Access points are often used in conjunction with routers to provide wireless connectivity.

Which is better, a Wi-Fi extender or an access point?

Access points are generally considered better than Wi-Fi extenders in terms of performance and reliability. Access points use ethernet cable connections, ensuring a more robust and stable device connection. However, Wi-Fi extenders are often less expensive and easier to set up, making them suitable for home use or small offices with limited network infrastructure.

What is Power over Ethernet, POE

What is Power over Ethernet, POE?

Power over Ethernet (PoE) technology allows network cables to carry electrical power. It simplifies the process of powering devices like IP cameras, Wi-Fi access points, and network switches, eliminating the need for separate power supplies or outlets and enabling easier installation and management of networked devices.

© 2023 CommScope, Inc.  All rights reserved.  CommScope and the CommScope logo are registered trademarks of CommScope and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries.  For additional trademark information see  Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi 6, Wi-Fi 6E, Wi-Fi 7, Wi-Fi Protected Access, WPA, WPA2 and WPA3 are trademarks of the Wi-Fi Alliance. All product names, trademarks and registered trademarks are property of their respective owners.